The Collection of Plants in the West of France in the Nineteenth Century

An important theme is the history of the collection of plants. In the nineteenth century, in the West of France, botanists and amateurs were both interested in native and foreign plants, displayed in botanical gardens, or dispersed in and around the city. An analysis of their herbaria and letters reveals their practices of collecting in different places. They collected both native and foreign plants, which were rated according to the place of picking, whether the plants were spontaneous or cultivated, and according to aesthetic criteria. Those representations contributed to disqualify some practices of plant collecting as amateurs’, while others practices were valued. They had consequences on the use of herbaria.